Confirmed mpox cases include individuals with detection of mpox (formerly monkeypox) virus or orthopoxvirus DNA, or detection by genomic sequencing, in clinical specimens.

For specific information on case definition and case classifications status, see the ODH Infectious Disease Control Manual.

Monkeypox Dashboard

Mpox (formerly monkeypox) Facts

  • Mpox  is a rare disease caused by the Mpox virus
  • Mpox can make you sick including a rash or sores (pox), often with an earlier flu-like illness
  • Mpox can spread to anyone through close, personal, often skin-to-skin contact including:
    • Direct contact with monkeypox rash, sores or scabs
    • Contact with objects, fabrics (clothing, bedding, or towels), and surfaces that have been used by someone with monkeypox
    • Through respiratory droplets or oral fluids from a person with monkeypox
  • This contact can happen during intimate sexual contact including:
    • Oral, anal, and vaginal sex or touching the genitals or anus of a person with monkeypox
    • Hugging, massage, or kissing and talking closely
    • Touching fabrics and objects during sex that were used by a person with monkeypox, such as bedding, towels and sex toys
  • We know the virus can be spread in fluid or pus from mpox sores, and are trying to better understand if the virus could be present in semen, vaginal fluids or other body fluids
  • Mpox spreads through direct skin-to-skin contact with the infection rash, scabs, or body fluids. It can also be spread through respiratory droplets during prolonged, face-to-face contact or during intimate physical contact. Any person, regardless of gender identity or sexual orientation, can acquire and spread mpox. Currently, the vast majority of the known mpoxcases are among men who have sex with men.


  • Early flu-like symptoms of mpox can include:
    • Fever
    • Headache
    • Muscle aches and backache
    • Swollen lymph nodes
    • Chills
    • Exhaustion
  • A rash or sores, sometimes located on or near the genitals or anus, but sometimes in other areas like the hands, feet, chest or face – sores will go through several stages before healing
  • Sores may be inside the body, including the mouth, vagina, or anus
  • Some people experience a rash or sores first, followed by other symptoms and some only experience a rash or sores
  • Mpox can be spread to others until all sores have healed and a fresh layer of skin has formed – this can take several weeks. 

If you or your partner have Mpox

  • Follow the treatment and prevention recommendations of your healthcare provider
  • Avoid sex or being intimate with anyone until all your sores have healed and you have a fresh layer of skin formed

 For more information about local testing and treatment options,visit EquitasHealth

Mpox and Safer Sex
Actions you can take to help protect yourself and others.

For more information visit

Monkeypox - Fact Sheet


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